Access to justice is both an important aspect of the rule of law and a protected right under the European Convention on Human Rights. The concept of access to justice has different elements to it, including:
- the right to access the courts in order to resolve a legal dispute
- the right to a fair trial and
- the right to challenge the validity of acts and decisions taken by governmental or public bodies.
The administration of the justice system is not a devolved matter, and accordingly Senedd Cymru cannot legislate in relation to it.
England and Wales form a single legal jurisdiction, and share the same systems of courts and tribunals. Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service, an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice, administers the justice system.